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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-22

Role of Related Regulatory Long Noncoding RNAs on Mammalian Spermatogenesis


1 Department of Clinical Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
2 Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
3 Department of Andrology, State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
4 Department of Reproduction, State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China

Correspondence Address:
Ling-Juan Gao
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanjing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029
China
Xiu-Feng Ling
Department of Reproduction, State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2096-2924.210690

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Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcribed by RNA molecules, which are longer than 200 nucleotides that lack an open reading frame of significant length and possess no obvious protein-coding capacity. Studies have shown that lncRNAs participate in many physiological processes such as gene imprinting and X chromosome inactivation. They regulate gene expression mainly through DNA methylation, histone modification, and chromatin remodeling. LncRNAs can also affect the development of diseases, and they can be useful to diagnose and treat diseases. With the development of new sequencing and microarray techniques, hundreds of lncRNAs involved in spermatogenesis have been identified, but their functions in the testis are undefined. Herein, we will discuss the biology and regulation of lncRNAs, as well as the bioinformatics tools and searchable databases used to study them in the testis. We hope that this information will provide new insights in treating male reproductive diseases.


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